Journal of Ecology and Environment

pISSN 2287-8327 eISSN 2288-1220

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Published online October 24, 2016
https://doi.org/10.1186/s41610-016-0007-y

Journal of Ecology and Environment (2016) 40:02

© The Ecological Society of Korea.

Effects of thinning intensity on nutrient concentration and enzyme activity in Larix kaempferi forest soils

Seongjun Kim1, Seung Hyun Han1, Guanlin Li1, Tae Kyung Yoon2, Sang-Tae Lee3, Choonsig Kim4 and Yowhan Son1

Department of Environmental Science and Ecological Engineering, Graduate School, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea; Environmental Planning Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea; Forest Practice Research Center, National Institute of Forest Science, Pocheon, South Korea; Department of Forest Resources, Gyeongnam National University of Science and Technology, Jinju, South Korea

Correspondence to:Yowhan Son

Received: January 9, 2016; Accepted: July 1, 2016

This article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The Creative Commons Public Domain Dedication waiver (http://creativecommons.org/publicdomain/zero/1.0/) applies to the data made available in this article, unless otherwise stated.

Abstract

Background

As the decomposition of lignocellulosic compounds is a rate-limiting stage in the nutrient mineralization from organic matters, elucidation of the changes in soil enzyme activity can provide insight into the nutrient dynamics and ecosystem functioning. The current study aimed to assess the effect of thinning intensities on soil conditions. Un-thinned control, 20 % thinning, and 30 % thinning treatments were applied to a Larix kaempferi forest, and total carbon and nitrogen, total carbon to total nitrogen ratio, extractable nutrients (inorganic nitrogen, phosphorus, calcium, magnesium, potassium), and enzyme activities (acid phosphatase, β-glucosidase, β-xylosidase, β-glucosaminidase) were investigated.>

Results

Total carbon and nitrogen concentrations were significantly increased in the 30 % thinning treatment, whereas both the 20 and 30 % thinning treatments did not change total carbon to total nitrogen ratio. Inorganic nitrogen and extractable calcium and magnesium concentrations were significantly increased in the 20 % thinning treatment; however, no significant changes were found for extractable phosphorus and potassium concentrations either in the 20 or the 30 % thinning treatment. However, the applied thinning intensities had no significant influences on acid phosphatase, β-glucosidase, β-xylosidase, and β-glucosaminidase activities.>

Conclusions

These results indicated that thinning can elevate soil organic matter quantity and nutrient availability, and different thinning intensities may affect extractable soil nutrients inconsistently. The results also demonstrated that such inconsistent patterns in extractable nutrient concentrations after thinning might not be fully explained by the shifts in the enzyme-mediated nutrient mineralization.

Keywords: Extracellular enzyme, Japanese larch, Nutrient availability, Soil organic matter, Thinning intensity

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Journal of Ecology and Environment

pISSN 2287-8327 eISSN 2288-1220