Journal of Ecology and Environment

pISSN 2287-8327 eISSN 2288-1220


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Published online November 29, 2021

Journal of Ecology and Environment (2021) 45:27

PollMap: a software for crop pollination mapping in agricultural landscapes

Ehsan Rahimi1, Shahindokht Barghjelveh1, Pinliang Dong2, Maghsoud Arshadi Pirlar3 and Mohammad Mehdi Jahanbakhshian4

Environmental Sciences Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran; Department of Geography and the Environment, University of North Texas, Denton, USA; Institut National de la Recherche Scientifique, Centre E ́nergie Matériaux et Télécommunications, Québec, Canada; Faculty of Physics, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran

Correspondence to:Shahindokht Barghjelveh

Received: September 28, 2021; Accepted: November 18, 2021

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Ecosystem service mapping is an important tool for decision-making in landscape planning and natural resource management. Today, pollination service mapping is based on the Lonsdorf model (InVEST software) that determines the availability of nesting and floral resources for each land cover and estimates pollination according to the foraging range of the desired species. However, it is argued that the Lonsdorf model has significant limitations in estimating pollination in a landscape that can affect the results of this model.>


This paper presents a free software, named PollMap, that does not have the limitations of the Lonsdorf model. PollMap estimates the pollination service according to a modified version of the Lonsdorf model and assumes that only cells within the flight range of bees are important in the pollination mapping. This software is produced for estimating and mapping crop pollination in agricultural landscapes. The main assumption of this software is that in the agricultural landscapes, which are dominated by forest and agriculture ecosystems, forest patches serve only as a nesting habitat for wild bees and the surrounding fields provide floral resources.>


The present study provided new software for mapping crop pollination in agricultural landscapes that does not have the limitations of the Lonsdorf model. We showed that the use of the Lonsdorf model for pollination mapping requires attention to the limitations of this model, and by removing these limitations, we will need new software to obtain a reliable mapping of pollination in agricultural landscapes.

Keywords: The Lonsdorf model; Decision-making; Bees; Ecosystem service mapping

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Journal of Ecology and Environment

pISSN 2287-8327 eISSN 2288-1220