Journal of Ecology and Environment

pISSN 2287-8327 eISSN 2288-1220

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Published online November 26, 2021
https://doi.org/10.1186/s41610-021-00204-y

Journal of Ecology and Environment (2021) 45:26

© The Ecological Society of Korea.

Current status of alert alien species management for the establishment of proactive management systems in Korea

Seung Hun Son1, A-Ram Jo1 and Dong Eon Kim1

Invasive Alien Species Research Team, Division of Ecological Safety, Bureau of Survey and Safety, National Institute of Ecology, Seocheon, Korea

Correspondence to:Dong Eon Kim

Received: September 16, 2021; Accepted: November 2, 2021

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Abstract

Background

Some of the introduced alien species introduced settle, multiply, and spread to become invasive alien species (IAS) that threaten biodiversity. To prevent this, Korea and other countries legally designate and manage alien species that pose a risk to the environment. Moreover, 2160 alien species have been introduced in South Korea, of which 1826 animals and 334 plants are designated. The inflow of IAS can have negative effects such as ecosystem disturbance, habitat destruction, economic damage, and health damage to humans. To prevent damage caused by the inflow of IAS in advance, species that could potentially pose a risk to the environment if introduced in South Korea were designated as alert alien species (AAS).>

Results

The designation criteria were in accordance with the “Act on the Conservation and Use of Biological Diversity” and the “Regulations on the Ecological Risk Assessment of AAS and IAS” by the National Institute of Ecology. The analysis result of risk and damage cases indicated that mammals affect predation, competition, human economic activity, virus infection, and parasite infection. Birds have been demonstrated to affect predation, competition, human economic activity, and health. It was indicated that plants intrude on the ecosystem by competing with native species with their high-population density and capacity to multiply and cause allergic inducement. Interestingly, 300 species, including 25 mammals, 7 birds, 84 fishes, 28 amphibians, 22 reptiles, 1 insect, 32 spiders, 1 mollusk, 1 arthropod, and 99 plants, are included in the list of AAS.>

Conclusions

AAS designation plays a role in preventing the reduction of biodiversity by IAS in South Korea and preserving native species. Moreover, it is determined to provide considerable economic benefits by preventing socio-economic losses and ecological damage.

Keywords: Alert alien species, Biodiversity, Conservation, Invasive alien species, Risk assessment

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Journal of Ecology and Environment

pISSN 2287-8327 eISSN 2288-1220