Journal of Ecology and Environment

pISSN 2287-8327 eISSN 2288-1220

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Published online October 20, 2021
https://doi.org/10.1186/s41610-021-00193-y

Journal of Ecology and Environment (2021) 45:21

© The Ecological Society of Korea.

The relationship of mean temperature and 9 collected butterfly speciesâ

Sumi Na1, Eunyoung Lee2, Hyunjung Kim1, Seiwoong Choi3 and Hoonbok Yi1,2

Department of Bio and Environmental Technology, Graduate School of Seoul Women’s University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Bio and Environmental Technology, Seoul Women’s University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Environmental Education, Mokpo National University, Mokpo, Republic of Korea

Correspondence to:Hoonbok Yi

Received: March 8, 2021; Accepted: September 13, 2021

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Abstract

Background

Organism body size is a basic characteristic in ecology; it is related to temperature according to temperature-size rule. Butterflies are affected in various aspects by climate change because they are sensitive to temperature. Therefore, this study was conducted to understand the effect of an increase in temperature due to global warming on the wing of butterflies.>

Results

A total of 671 butterflies belonging to 9 species were collected from 1990 to 2016 in Seoul (336 specimens) and Mokpo (335 specimens). Consequently, as the mean temperature increased, the wing length of the species increased. However, there are exceptions that the Parnassius stubbendorfii, Pieridae canidia, and Pieris rapae wing length of Seoul increased, but the butterfly wing length of Mokpo decreased.>

Conclusions

The positive correlations between the butterfly wing length and mean temperature showed that the change of mean temperature for about 26 years affects the wing length of butterfly species. The exception is deemed to have been influenced by the limited research environment, and further studies are needed. We would expect that it can be provided as basic data for studying effect of climate change.

Keywords: Air temperature, Butterfly, Climate change, Length, Lepidoptera, Wing

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Journal of Ecology and Environment

pISSN 2287-8327 eISSN 2288-1220