Journal of Ecology and Environment

pISSN 2287-8327 eISSN 2288-1220

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Published online August 14, 2021
https://doi.org/10.1186/s41610-021-00189-8

Journal of Ecology and Environment (2021) 45:14

© The Ecological Society of Korea.

Estimating potential range shift of some wild bees in response to climate change scenarios in northwestern regions of Iran

Ehsan Rahimi1, Shahindokht Barghjelveh1 and Pinliang Dong2

Environmental Sciences Research Institute, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran, Iran; Department of Geography and the Environment, University of North Texas, Denton, USA

Correspondence to:Ehsan Rahimi

Received: May 14, 2021; Accepted: July 26, 2021

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Abstract

Background

Climate change is occurring rapidly around the world, and is predicted to have a large impact on biodiversity. Various studies have shown that climate change can alter the geographical distribution of wild bees. As climate change affects the species distribution and causes range shift, the degree of range shift and the quality of the habitats are becoming more important for securing the species diversity. In addition, those pollinator insects are contributing not only to shaping the natural ecosystem but also to increased crop production. The distributional and habitat quality changes of wild bees are of utmost importance in the climate change era. This study aims to investigate the impact of climate change on distributional and habitat quality changes of five wild bees in northwestern regions of Iran under two representative concentration pathway scenarios (RCP 4.5 and RCP 8.5). We used species distribution models to predict the potential range shift of these species in the year 2070.>

Result

The effects of climate change on different species are different, and the increase in temperature mainly expands the distribution ranges of wild bees, except for one species that is estimated to have a reduced potential range. Therefore, the increase in temperature would force wild bees to shift to higher latitudes. There was also significant uncertainty in the use of different models and the number of environmental layers employed in the modeling of habitat suitability.>

Conclusion

The increase in temperature caused the expansion of species distribution and wider areas would be available to the studied species in the future. However, not all of this possible range may include high-quality habitats, and wild bees may limit their niche to suitable habitats. On the other hand, the movement of species to higher latitudes will cause a mismatch between farms and suitable areas for wild bees, and as a result, farmers will face a shortage of pollination from wild bees. We suggest that farmers in these areas be aware of the effects of climate change on agricultural production and consider the use of managed bees in the future.

Keywords: Iran, Wild bees, Pollination, Species distribution models, Climate change

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Journal of Ecology and Environment

pISSN 2287-8327 eISSN 2288-1220