Journal of Ecology and Environment

pISSN 2287-8327 eISSN 2288-1220


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Published online December 21, 2022

Journal of Ecology and Environment (2022) 46:33

Developing habitat suitability index for habitat evaluation of Nannophya koreana Bae (Odonata: Libellulidae)

Hong Geun Kim , Rae-Ha Jang , Sunryoung Kim , Jae-Hwa Tho , Jin-Woo Jung , Seokwan Cheong and Young-Jun Yoon *

Research center for Endangered Species, National Institute of Ecology, Yeongyang 36531, Republic of Korea

Correspondence to:Young-Jun Yoon

Received: September 29, 2022; Revised: December 5, 2022; Accepted: December 5, 2022

This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License ( which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.


Background: The Korean scarlet dwarf, Nannophya koreana Bae (Odonata: Libellulidae), is anendangered dragonfly with an increasing risk of extinction owing to rapid climate changes and human activities. To prevent extinction, the N. koreana population and their habitat should be protected. Therefore, suitable habitat evaluation is important to build the N. koreana restoration project. The habitat suitability index model (HSI) has been widely used for habitat evaluation in diverse organisms.
Results: To build a suitable HSI model for N. koreana, 16 factors were examined by seven experienced researchers. A field survey for N. koreana observed sites and spatial analysis were conducted to improve the model. Five factors were finally selected by this procedure (crown density, open water surface, water depth, pioneer plant cover, and type of water source). Finally, the N. koreana HSI model was generated with the five adjusted factors based on interview, field survey, and spatial analysis. This model was validated by a current N. koreana habitat in 2021. With this model, 46 sites in Uljin-gun, Korea, were surveyed for N. koreana habitats; five sites were identified as core habitats and seven as potential core habitats.
Conclusions: This model will serve as a strong foundation for the N. koreana restoration project and as a reference for future studies on N. koreana and other endangered insect populations. Further analysis and long-term data will improve the efficacy of this model and restore endangered wildlife.

Keywords: endangered species, habitat suitability index, endemic species, Nannophya koreana, Libellulidae

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Journal of Ecology and Environment

pISSN 2287-8327 eISSN 2288-1220