Download original image
Fig. 5. Species co-occurrence matrix defined by the “cooccur” package in R software. The positive and random species associations were determined by the probabilistic co-occurrence model for 10 plants, excluding seven species with less than 1% of the importance value. Species names are positioned to indicate the columns and rows that represent their pairwise relationships with other species. P.hi: Pedicularis hirsuta; C.te: Cassiope tetragona; Bistorta vivipara; S.op: Saxifraga oppositifolia; D.oc: Dryas octopetala; Silene acaulis; Cerastium arcticum; O.di: Oxyria digyna; S.po: Salix Polaris; Luzula confuse.
J Ecol Environ 2023;47:-
© J Ecol Environ