Table. 2.

Natural mixture use and time taken in the hardening of major bamboo species

Sl. No. Bamboo species Hardening mixtures Hardening duration References
Bambusa species
1 Bambusa balcooa FYM, sand, and soil (2:1:1) 3–4 weeks Kaushal et al. 2020
2 Bambusa bambos Garden soil, sand, and compost (1:1:1) 5–7 days Kranz et al. 2020
3 Bambusa nutans Sterile cocopeat and vermicompost (3:1) Azeez and Orege 2018
4 Bambusa tulda and Melocanna baccifera Sand, soil, and compost (40:10:50) with 250 gm/m3 fungicide 3–4 weeks Zubrod et al. 2019
Dendrocalamus species
5 Drepanostachyum luodianesev Humus soil and perlite Lin et al. 2019
6 Dendrocalamus strictus Nees. Sand, farmyard manure, and soil (1:1:1) Rajput et al. 2019
J Ecol Environ 2022;46:-
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