Table. 1.

Characteristics of the three summer pasture sites

Parameters Desert steppe (DS) Typical steppe (S) Forest steppe (FS)
Site location 100° 46’ 29” E;
45° 36’ 18” N
100° 36’ 54” E;
45° 58’ 4.4” N
100° 54’ 34.6” E;
46° 33’ 28.3” N
Elevation (m) 1,600 1,978 2,202
Mean annual temperature (°C)* 5.2 1.9 0.5
Annual precipitation (mm)* 141.2 224.7 260.7
Total livestock number (sheep units) 1,147 1,836 4,090
Sheep (head) 210 256 806
Cattle and yak (head) 3 30 344
Horse (head) 40 20 50
Goat (head) 710 1,400 967

*Values based on monthly weather data for the study period from weather stations located near each site. The monthly weather data were collected from the Institute of Meteorology and Hydrology, Mongolia. †Livestock data were collected through personal interviews with local herders in 2015.

J Ecol Environ 2022;46:- https://doi.org/10.5141/jee.22.009
© J Ecol Environ